In Mycenaean times — around BC — it was fortified with Cyclopean walls parts of which can still be seenenclosing a royal palace and temples to the cult of Athena.
The world calls it the Athenian Acropolis! Then there were the times when its best standing pieces were removed and shipped away from the city, dividing the monument in two. Today, the international community wants to reunite all of the Acropolis sculptures in Athens and restore both its physicality and meaning.
The Acropolis, and the Parthenon in particular, is the most characteristic monument of the ancient Greek civilisation.
It continues to stand as a symbol in many ways: It also symbolises the beginning of the Western civilisation and stands as the icon of European culture. The Parthenon was dedicated to Athena Parthenos, the patron goddess of the city of Athens and goddess of wisdom.
It was built under the instructions of Pericles, the political leader of Athens in the 5th century BC.
The Parthenon was constructed between and BC and its sculptural decoration was completed in BC. Despite the unique symbolic and cultural value of the monument, the issue of the removal of the sculptures from the Athenian Acropolis by Elgin continues to shadow their history.
Today, more than half of the Parthenon sculptures are in the British Museum in London and their return to Athens, for their display in the Acropolis Museum together with the other originals, is a cultural issue awaiting to be settled.
It is recommended that you start your reading about the Parthenon and the Acropolis of Athens at the Acropolis of Athens page of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture.
But there is more to discover. This website brings you the key concepts associated with the Acropolis sculptures and the reasons why they should be reunited in Athens. You can find links to official pages and initiatives about the issue, as well as resources for your research as a traveller, student or academic!
Report of 11th Session, Paris Cycle 1 Section II Summary.Acropolis Greek Taverna invites you to enjoy the finest fresh Greek food, Greek wine and Greek fun!
The History of the Acropolis: statesmen Pericles persuaded the popular assembly to rebuild on it as a lasting testament to the glory of democratic Athens and its empire. The first of Phidias’s monuments to Athena, the bronze Athena Promachos, was one of his earliest ashio-midori.com was placed on the Athenian Acropolis about According to the preserved inscription, it measured about 30 feet (9 metres) high.
Aug 21, · The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles ( B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politician—”the first citizen” of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides.
From The Delian League To The Athenian Empire Thomas Ash Introduction. When Athens began to emerge as a Greek city state in the ninth century, it was a poor city, built on and surrounded by undesirable land, which could support only a few poor crops and olive trees.
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon.