The abundant allegorical teachings of the Holy Bible shed more light into the mysteries of human life and experiences than any other authority on theology or theosophy. To learn from the experiences of every character in the Holy Bible, from Adam and Eve to John in Patmos, and to follow the true revealed Word of God, is our only goal and our truest hope. Usually, I show these people the law s as promulgated by the Congress, decisions of various state and federal courts including the U. Supreme Court, and other executive and administrative policy decisions affecting American Indian Tribes whose inherent tribal sovereignty has been a constant nightmare and an inconvenient truth to our politicians from the day the Vikings, Sebastian Cabot, Amerigo Vespucci, and other explorers set foot on our tribal lands.
European Court of Human Rights photo by CherryX By Jesse Lempel International law speaks softly on the question of force-feeding prisoners who deliberately starve their bodies for the sake of protest. Feeding them against their will is neither banned outright as a form of torture nor mandated for the preservation of life: On an issue plagued by such disagreement and ambivalence, one might expect that the force of international law—a shaky proposition in any context—would be terrifically meek.
I will first analyze the international legal precedents on the topic, then discuss how the Court situates Israeli law in that context and applies the weight of international law to shift its own constitutional interpretation. The CPT and the European Court of Human Rights On the European continent, the norms of international human rights law are promulgated and policed by two distinct yet related bodies emanating from the Council of Europe: The CPT, in its 3rd General Reportacknowledged that European states have divergent approaches toward a hunger-striking prisoner: In a landmark ruling, the Family Division of the High Court held that Derek Robb, a year-old prisoner, was within his rights to starve himself to death Secretary of State for the Home Department v.
Robb  1 All ER Nevmerzhitsky was detained on suspicion of financial fraud, and after passing a year in prison awaiting trial he began a series of hunger strikes.
This holding was reiterated several years later in Rappaz v. Switzerland link to case in French; official press release in English. Bernard Rappaz was incarcerated for a variety of marijuana-related offenses, and embarked on a widely publicized hunger strike.
During a long saga in which he was repeatedly released from prison temporarily only to renew his hunger strike upon his return, the Swiss court ordered the doctor to feed him against his will or face criminal proceedings, an order the doctor fought in court.
Although the force-feeding never materialized, Rappaz sued the Swiss government in the ECtHR for allegedly endangering his life by not releasing him during his hunger strike. A three-judge panel of the D. Circuit Court of Appeals recently weighed in on this topic in Aamer v.
Shaker Aamer, a detainee in Camp Delta at the U. Aamer launched a hunger strike in protest of his confinement and was subsequently force-fed. Aamer sued President Obama and other government entities seeking an injunction against his continued force-feeding.
Circuit acknowledged a June letter by Sen. Circuit waved away these scruples. This same logic would likewise prevail in the Israeli Supreme Court.
Technically, the legislation is an amendment to the prison code that permits feeding a hunger-striking prisoner against her will, including via insertion of a nasal feeding tube if necessary. It is also noteworthy that despite being on the books for over a year, during which there were multiple incidents of near-death hunger strikers, the law has never been applied in practice.
All cases have been resolved by other means. The case was heard by a panel of three Supreme Court Justices, sitting as the High Court of Justice, in which the Supreme Court hears cases of original jurisdiction typically involving suits against the government.
The law permitting force-feeding prisoners, according to the IMA, is therefore at odds with international law against torture that Israel itself adopted. Although Israel lacks a formal constitution, the Knesset has enacted a series of Basic Laws that serve a constitutional role.
One such law is the Basic Law: Any law that conflicts with this Basic Law may be struck down by the Supreme Court as unconstitutional.Study Notes on International Court of Justice, the Principal Judicial Organ of the United Nation.
Topic covered under nice presentation by Legal Desire Campus submitted by Pratyush Prakash, Campus Associate at Bharati Vidyapeeth University New Law College.
If you ever look at any of the more than cases that the International Court of Justice has tried, it looks more like a list of international soccer matches. The UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Egypt are bringing a sovereign airspace dispute with Qatar to the United Nations (UN) International Court of Justice, the four countries said on Wednesday.
If you ever look at any of the more than cases that the International Court of Justice has tried, it looks more like a list of international soccer matches. Court procedure is set out in the Rules of Court of the International Court of Justice (as amended on 29 September ).  Cases before the ICJ will follow a standard pattern. The following quiz and worksheet combo will display your knowledge of the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
The. Lone Star College was founded in and offers Associate Degrees, Workforce Certificates and Transfer Credits. If you ever look at any of the more than cases that the International Court of Justice has tried, it looks more like a list of international soccer matches. The following quiz and worksheet combo will display your knowledge of the International Court of Justice (ICJ).