The research adopted cross sectional survey research design. The sample size was of which responded. Normal approximation to the binomial distribution and stratified sampling were used to arrive at the sample size.
Additionally, the international competition between universities is gaining more momentum. Therefore, many universities around the world are experimenting with and adopting different technologies in an attempt to secure more customers and funds. Many UK universities have been known worldwide as prestigious research institutes.
However, if they remain idle, it is likely that their esteemed positions would begin to fade as time passes by.
The topic of innovation has received quite a lot of attention in recent years, as some innovative companies were able to achieve quite remarkable results by manufacturing innovative products, offering innovative services, and creating new markets. Little attention has been given to innovation and how universities can leverage innovation.
One possible reason for the negligence to do so is the fact that many universities enjoyed their usual stream of students and their continued government fund. However, this is changing as a result of the increase in tuition fees and recent governmental policies led to further reduction in funds.
However, as this study demonstrates, there are quite a lot of pressures put on members of staff within UK universities. Hence, unless these pressures and issues are resolved, it is unlikely that any innovation will take place. While it is expected that research and effort should have resolved such problems, nowadays, some of these problems remain current and perhaps, in some cases, they have developed and became more serious Withers, The wide-spread use of university league tables, the increase in tuition fees, and the increasingly competitive environment universities operate within are all causing great pressure on universities to improve and provide real value for money.
This however is only part of the big picture; there are many different and sometimes overlapping or conflicting issues and challenges causing more pressure. This paper aims to explore some of these issues and challenges, and more importantly, show how they negatively impact members of staff, reducing their ability to develop, improve what they do, and innovate.
Innovation In Universities Innovation is an idea, approach, or object that is perceived as new Rogers, Within a university context, an innovation could be a new teaching approach or learning environment.
However, innovation need not be confined in new things; being innovative also includes using practices or approaches in new contexts, even if they were used elsewhere before.
Universities have been well known to being rigid and slow or resistant to change. However, advancements in telecommunications and information technologies are quickening knowledge generation and acquisition Hefzallah, Online information sources such as the Khan Academy, YouTube Education, iTunes University have been some of the few early educational initiatives that took advantage of modern technologies that helped reduce costs associated with delivery.
Hence, in recent years, we have seen the introduction of a number of massive online open courses MOOCs or similar initiatives. Hence, as the vice-chancellor of the University of Cambridge warned, universities are faced with a serious threat that would challenge the nature of higher education Grove, To cope with these recent changes and to be visible and competitive, UK universities need to change, improve, and innovate.
Nowadays, being innovative is not only necessary to run with the pack, but also to surpass it, especially since being innovative could help satisfy stakeholders, sustain or drive further growth, create jobs, improve the quality of life, and improve the economy EFQM, On the other hand, being idle and not innovating and improving in this fast changing environment has its risks Tidd, Some even argue that the inability to anticipate and adapt with new technologies is the main reason behind the failures of some firms Christensen, There is certainly a risk that some universities might be swept away as a result of being idle or slowly changing in the face of the innovation wave Grove, Innovations are outcomes that may come to be as a result of activities e.
Hence, without people, no innovation will take place. Organisations that give such space and capture the wisdom of their employees will realise many benefits and improvements. Well-known innovative companies such as Apple, Google, and Facebook know the importance of employees and their satisfaction, offering them a great working environment that fosters and promotes innovation.
In contrast, placing staff under much pressure causing significant stress while taking up all their time for routine tasks or activities will eliminate any chance for them to innovate.
Innovation does not just happen; it requires a lot of time Dyer et al. As is the case with many other activities or efforts requiring some degree of change within organisations, a reward system should be in place to promote and encourage innovation.
Currently however, within UK universities, there is no clear relationship between innovation and rewards.
Members of staff are promoted and rewarded primarily based on their research output, to help the university in securing funds through the research assessment exercise. This is also the case for research grants. A few institutions have even exceeded Rapid Changing Environment Rapid changes affecting the whole world such as technological, political and economic e.
Seymour Seymour, summarises the need for change by saying: Everything has changed, technology, lifestyle and culture. Our educational institutions must change as well.Recognizing Organizational Culture in Managing Change The purpose of this article is to examine how organizational culture influences the likelihood of success for change strategies, and to provide tools for the reader to apply within his or her organization.
This study is about the innovative challenges. Its main aim is to analyze the innovative challenges hindering organizational change.
Apparently, every organization has the ability to apply proper innovation to solve the daily challenges they encounter. ANALYSIS OF CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP FOR ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE and organizational change.
The study will provide a general overview of conflict concepts, such as causes of conflict, managing natural and necessary to produce innovative solutions. ANALYSIS OF CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP FOR ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE and organizational change. The study will provide a general overview of conflict concepts, such as causes of conflict, managing natural and necessary to produce innovative solutions.
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The current systematic review seeks to answer this basic question and act as a guide to assist researchers in identifying and evaluating the types of measures that are available to assess structural, organizational, provider, patient, and innovation-level constructs in implementation research.