Originally published as 2 Hastings Const.
Send email to admin eh. The thirteen American colonies were one part of a global empire generated by the British in a series of colonial wars beginning in the late seventeenth century and continuing on to the mid eighteenth century.
The British military establishment increased relentlessly in size during this period as it engaged in the Nine Years Warthe War of Spanish Successionthe War of Austrian Successionand the Seven Years War These wars brought considerable additions to the British Empire.
Given the sheer magnitude of the British military and its empire, the actions taken by the American colonists for independence have long fascinated scholars. Why did the colonists want independence?
What were the consequences of achieving independence? These and many other questions have engaged the attention of economic, legal, military, political, and social historians. In this brief essay we will focus only on the economics of the Revolutionary War.
Economic Causes of the Revolutionary War Prior to the conclusion of the Seven Years War there was little, if any, reason to believe that one day the American colonies would undertake a revolution in an effort to create an independent nation-state.
As apart of the empire the colonies were protected from foreign invasion by the British military. In return, the colonists paid relatively few taxes and could engage in domestic economic activity without much interference from the British government. For the most part the colonists were only asked to adhere to regulations concerning foreign trade.
In a series of acts passed by Parliament during the seventeenth century the Navigation Acts required that all trade within the empire be conducted on ships which were constructed, owned and largely manned by British citizens.
Certain enumerated goods whether exported or imported by the colonies had to be shipped through England regardless of the final port of destination.
Western Land Policies The movement for independence arose in the colonies following a series of critical decisions made by the British government after the end of the war with France in Two themes emerge from what was to be a fundamental change in British economic policy toward the American colonies.
The first involved western land. With the acquisition from the French of the territory between the Allegheny Mountains and the Mississippi River the British decided to isolate the area from the rest of the colonies.
Under the terms of the Proclamation of and the Quebec Act of colonists were not allowed to settle here or trade with the Indians without the permission of the British government. These actions nullified the claims to land in the area by a host of American colonies, individuals, and land companies.
The essence of the policy was to maintain British control of the fur trade in the West by restricting settlement by the Americans. Tax Policies The second fundamental change involved taxation. The British victory over the French had come at a high price.
|American Revolution - Wikipedia||Two main British armies were captured at Saratoga in and Yorktown inleading to peace with the Treaty of Paris inwith the recognition of the United States as an independent nation bounded by British Canada on the north, Spanish Florida on the south, and the Mississippi River on the west. Origins Taxation without representation Before the revolution:|
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|SparkNotes: The American Revolution (–)||The British North American colonists had just helped to win a world war and most, like Rush, had never been more proud to be British. And yet, in a little over a decade, those same colonists would declare their independence and break away from the British Empire.|
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Domestic taxes had been raised substantially during the war and total government debt had increased nearly twofold Brewer, Furthermore, the British had decided in to place a standing army of 10, men in North America.
The bulk of these forces were stationed in newly acquired territory to enforce its new land policy in the West. Forts were to be built which would become the new centers of trade with the Indians.
The British decided that the Americans should share the costs of the military buildup in the colonies. The reason seemed obvious. Taxes were significantly higher in Britain than in the colonies.
One estimate suggests the per capita tax burden in the colonies ranged from two to four per cent of that in Britain Palmer, It was time in the British view that the Americans began to pay a larger share of the expenses of the empire.
Accordingly, a series of tax acts were passed by Parliament the revenue from which was to be used to help pay for the standing army in America. The first was the Sugar Act of It was hoped this would reduce the incentive for smuggling and thereby increase tariff revenue Bullion, The following year Parliament passed the Stamp Act that imposed a tax commonly used in England.
It required stamps for a broad range of legal documents as well as newspapers and pamphlets.From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The American Revolution (–) Study Guide has everything you .
The degree of popularity has gone up and down depending on the circumstances. The PAC had much of the initiative and support after its formation in and into the s, due to its Africanist line and its aggressive organizing and military actions.
The Economics of the American Revolutionary War. Ben Baack, Ohio State University. By the time of the onset of the American Revolution, Britain had attained the status of a military and economic superpower. The significance is the American Colonies didn't pay taxes.
This is one of the causes of the American Revolution because they took tea without paying and throwing them in . The American Revolution was the first wave of the Atlantic Revolutions: the French Revolution, the Haitian Revolution, and the Latin American wars of independence.
Aftershocks reached Ireland in the Irish Rebellion of , in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and in the Netherlands. Links to online books and articles relating to the American Revolution generally and to the Southern Campaign specifically.