History of immigration to the United States Immigrants on ocean steamer passing the Statue of Liberty, New York City, American immigration history can be viewed in four epochs:
Allen, Senior Editor, Pew Research Center Were confirmation needed that the American public is in a sour mood, the midterm elections provided it. As both pre-election and post-election surveys made clear, Americans are not only strongly dissatisfied with the state of the economy and the direction in which the country is headed, but with government efforts to improve them.
Nor did average Americans then turn their ire upon their Groton-Harvard-educated president — this despite his failure, over his first term in office, to bring a swift end to their hardship.
FDR had his detractors but these tended to be fellow members of the social and economic elite.
Moreover, its samples were heavily male, relatively well off and overwhelmingly white. However, a combined data set of Gallup polls for the years and, made available by the Roper Centerprovides insight into the significant differences, but also notable similarities, between public opinion then and now.
To be sure, despite substantial job gains in October, unemployment remains stubbornly high relative to the norm of recent decades and the ranks of the long-term unemployed have risen sharply in recent months. But the current 9. Still, despite their far higher and longer-lasting record of unemployment, Depression-era Americans remained hopeful for the future.
The Reagan-era recession found the public somewhat more hopeful than at present, but less optimistic than in the s. Of course, the New Deal had many vocal critics. A favorite target was the WPAthe employer of some eight million workers over its eight-year lifetime.
Some contemporaneous complaints have a familiar ring. In a radio broadcastthe president of the New York Economic Council saw it this way: And Ready to Regulate … Statist views were not limited to support for government spending. Major regulatory programs also received strong endorsements: When the question was phrased in terms of living under a German- versus a Russian-type government, the public showed a similar preference for the German model.
Nor was the public was ready to give organized labor a wholehearted embrace. As Andrew Kohut describes in a recent analysis in the New York Timesthe majority support that unions had come to enjoy has faded sharply since Support for assistance programs was also waning somewhat by To that end, many were even ready to raise some taxes: The public was divided as to whether Congress should give Roosevelt the power to enlarge the cabinet and reorganize government.
Nor was the Grapes-of-Wrath era public totally forgiving. Inafter previously declining unemployment took a sharp upward turn, Democrats lost 7 seats in the Senate and a still record-setting total of 72 seats in the House. In the midterm elections, Republicans lost 26 seats in the House, strengthening the Democratic majority, though Republicans retained control of the Senate, not losing a single seat.
Of course, two years after these setbacks for their parties, voters returned both Reagan and Roosevelt to the White House. How Different a World? And, of course, there was no internet. Train was the preferred mode of travel on a long trip, handily beating out planes, cars and the bus.
As now, Americans in the s worried about immigrants, whether legal or not, taking jobs from native-born Americans: Still, as in the s, isolationist tendencies have cropped up.
This year, a pre-election survey found jobs and health care were the runaway top issues among likely voters; Afghanistan or terrorism ranked at the very bottom of a list of six possible issues.
Back then, people were generally supportive of a free press. But these were far from thorough-going libertarians.The population grew an 'underwhelming' per cent in the year ending July 1, according to a Census Bureau report. The Population of Ottoman and Mandate Palestine - A balanced and extensive analysis, with special reference to the problems of .
What caused women's role in society to change. large increase in the African American population of cities like Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit and New York City.
Led to the Harlem Renaissance. Causes of the changing demographic patterns during Great Depression. abandonment of farms located in the Dust Bowl for jobs mainly in California.
Demographics & Depression by David P. Goldman May Three generations of economists immersed themselves in study of the Great Depression, determined to prevent a . This statement is intended to represent the members of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Division 9 of the American Psychological Association.
Changes in Spending and Annualized Percent Changes for the 10 Health Conditions With the Largest Absolute Spending Increases,