An introduction to the history and geography of austria

Historiography[ edit ] The history of Austria raises a number of questions. Should it be confined to the current Republic of Austria, or to all lands formerly ruled by the rulers of Austria? Should Austrian history include — when it did not exist? Within Austria there are large regional variations, and parts of Austria have at various times wished to become part of adjacent countries.

An introduction to the history and geography of austria

South of the Alps, clear skies dominate most of the image, leaving the Po River valley and peninsular Italy showing clearly. To the southwest, the Ligurian and Mediterranean Seas are an almost uniform deep blue color; to the southeast, the Adriatic Sea features swirls of blue-green microscopic sea organisms likely phytoplankton and algaeas well as some green-tan sediment from rivers emptying into the sea.

The Atlantic maritime climate from the northwest is characterized by low-pressure fronts, mild air from the Gulf Streamand precipitation. It has the greatest influence on the northern slopes of the Alps, the Northern Alpine Foreland, and the Danube valley. The continental climate is characterized by low pressure fronts with precipitation in summer and high pressure systems with cold and dry air in winter.

It affects mainly eastern Austria. Mediterranean high-pressure systems from the south are characterized by few clouds and warm air, and they influence the weather of the southern slopes of the Alps and that of the Southeastern Alpine Foreland, making them the most temperate part of Austria.

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Many people respond to this rapid weather change with headachesirritabilityand circulatory problems. Given the importance of Alpine skiing for the Austrian tourist industry, December is the month during which the weather is watched with the greatest anticipation.

As a rule, Atlantic maritime weather systems bring snow, and continental weather systems help keep it. However, a predominance of cold, dry continental systems or warm Mediterranean ones inevitably postpone the beginning of the ski season. In the summer, Mediterranean high-pressure systems bring warm, sunny weather.

Ecological concerns[ edit ] Austrians faced a number of ecological problems in the s. One of the most pressing is the pollution caused by the staggering increase of traffic through the country. One quarter of the traffic crossing Austria consists of semitrailers used for heavy transport.

The opening of Eastern Europe has only exacerbated the problem of transit traffic. The Alpine valleys through which much of this traffic passes are unusually vulnerable to ecological damage.

Narrow valleys are not conducive to dissipation of noise or pollutants caused by motor vehicles. Inversions — cold layers of air that trap warm layers of air or warm layers of air that trap cold layers in the valleys and lowlands — also seasonally contribute to the magnitude of the pollution problem.

Austria has negotiated with the EU to set limits on the amount of commercial transit traffic, especially through Tyrol. Work is also under way to develop a "piggy-back" system of loading semitrailers on to flatbed railroad cars in southern Germany and northern Italy, transporting them through Tyrol by rail.

Environmentalists have pushed for measures that are more far-reaching. They advocate, for example, digging a tunnel from Garmisch-Partenkirchen in southern Germany to Bolzano in northern Italy. Atlantic maritime weather systems carry pollution into Austria from northwestern Europe.

Literature Historiography[ edit ] Since the territory understood by the term 'Austria' underwent drastic changes over time, dealing with a History of Austria raises a number of questions, eg.
The landscape The landscape Site Vienna lies in the northeastern corner of Austriabetween the foothills of the Alps and the Carpathianswhere the Danube German:
Welcome to the Culture Club in Austria See Article History Alternative Title:
Ashgate Joins Routledge - Routledge The area now covered by Texas was occupied by three major indigenous cultures, which had reached their developmental peak before the arrival of European explorers and are known from archaeology. The influence of Teotihuacan in northern Mexico peaked around AD and declined over the 8th to 10th centuries.

Mediterranean weather systems transmit industrial pollutants from northern Italy. The damage to forests has had dire consequences, including the decimation of forests that for centuries had protected many Alpine communities from avalanches, erosionmudslidesor flooding caused by runoff.

The seriousness of the ecological problems confronting the country gave rise in the s to an environmentalist movement. Political parties were formed, and representatives were elected to parliament.

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A referendum in closed down a newly completed nuclear power station and turned the country away from the exploitation of nuclear energy. Public opposition in stopped the planned construction of a hydroelectric power station in a wetlands region. Extensive tourism places an inordinate amount of pressure on sensitive Alpine ecosystems.

Ski runs damage forests, as do summer sports such as off-trail mountain hiking or mountain biking. Many Alpine villages have also grown greatly because of the tourist industry. In extreme cases, they have up to twenty hotel beds for each inhabitant, a ratio that places a disproportionate seasonal burden on communal infrastructures and the environment.

For these reasons, efforts have been made to introduce "green" or "soft" forms of tourism that are more compatible with the Alpine environment.Vienna, scenes of An introduction to Vienna, Austria.

An introduction to the history and geography of austria

Physical and human geography The landscape Site. Vienna lies in the northeastern corner of Austria, the Clock Museum; and the Museum of the City of Vienna, with its exhibits of Viennese history. Land. Slovenia is bordered by Austria to the north and Hungary to the far northeast.

An introduction to the history and geography of austria

To the east, southeast, and south, Slovenia shares a mile- (km-) long border with the southwest Slovenia is adjacent to the Italian port city of Trieste and occupies a portion of the Istrian Peninsula, where it has an important coastline along the Gulf of Venice.

Information on Austria — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map. Current, accurate and in depth facts on Argentina. Unique cultural information provided.

35, + pages CountryReports - Your World Discovered! Do extra-terrestrial beings exist? - the Nobel Prize winning Italian physicist, Enrico Fermi, was once asked by his disciples in California.

Of course, Fermi answered - they are already here among us, they are called Hungarians. Introduction History Geography Government Maps Leaders Population Flags Religion Economy Climate Energy Weather Data Military Communicatns Transportation Ranks P h o t o s.

NOTE: The information regarding Austria on this page is re-published from the World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made.

History of Austria - Wikipedia