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Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Different theories of personality adopt different levels of explaining features of human beings. His topographical model of personality organisation in psychoanalysis saw psychic life represented by three levels of consciousness.
Methods of free-association, analysis of slips of the tongue and interpretation of dreams identified aspects of the unconscious mind.
The conscious mind comprises of sensations and experiences apparent to the individual. It is a small, limited aspect of personality which is conscious briefly yet can be quickly submerged into preconscious or unconscious mind.
It bridges the unconscious and conscious. The unconscious is the deepest layer in the human mind. It consists of disturbing and emotionally significant ideas and memories, this influences the conscious and preconscious minds. Freud believed that behaviour is shaped and directed by impulses which are forces of the unconscious.
The components are the id is unconscious, the ego and the superego, both components of all three consciousness. Personality structure is made up of id impulses, the unconscious, all three.
The id is the biological component of personality. It operates on a primitive basis, free from inhibition. The id is the original personality system it exposes the immediate discharge of psychic energy produced by biological drives.
Psychic apparatus is fuelled by psychic energy, hence the id. The id was primatively a reflex however if this was true development would be hypothetical.
Freud identified two mechanisms the id uses to rid tension, reflex actions and primary process, a formation of a mental image or object to satisfy the basic aim, distinction is left to the ego. The ego obeys the reality principle, preserving gratification until either object or environment condition which could satisfy it has been found.
Unlike the id the ego has a moral code, however like the id it is amoral. The superego is the final stage to morality. Developed by norms and values of society, it is divided into two sub-components, the conscience, acquired by punishment, and ego-ideal, approval and reward. It is developed when self-control replaces parental control, it controls the id and persuades the ego to change goals.
The ego holds back the unconscious which tries to break through to dominate the conscious. It uses defence mechanisms such as denial, repression, regression, protection, reaction formation and identification with aggressor.
He believed that the ego influences development. Freud saw personality development tied to development of sexual instinct libido which passes through stages.Compare And Contrast The Theories Of Personality Essay Sample Personality is an intriguing component in psychology vital for perception of human beings.
Different theories of personality adopt different levels of explaining features of human beings. Published: Mon, 5 Dec The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast two competing psychological theories of human behaviour. The two theories will be Erikson’s psychodynamic (stage 7, middle adulthood) and Rogers humanistic, concentrating on the adulthood years.
In this paper, a comparison of the two most contradictory theories of personality psychology is made – the Psychoanalytic and the Humanistic theories.
Psychoanalytic Theory The Psychoanalytic theory explains behaviour in terms of the interaction of various components of personality. The study of personality is one of the major topics of interest within psychology. Numerous personality theories exist and most of the major ones fall into one of four major ashio-midori.com of these perspectives on personality attempts to describe different patterns in personality, including how these patterns form and how people differ on an individual level.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast two competing psychological theories of human behaviour.
The two theories will be Erikson’s psychodynamic (stage 7, middle adulthood) and Rogers humanistic, concentrating on the adulthood years. Jan 06, · i really need help on comparing and contrasting the different personality theories. there are 8 theories all together, any comparisons or contasts would be very helpful.
the personality theories are: trait theory, social learning theory, interactional approach, martens scematic iew on personality, sheldons constitutional theory and type A and type B personality Status: Resolved.