Events before the bombing A.
Even though Europe was involved in a bitter world war, in the Pacific, there were no signs of trouble. The United States attempted to aid Great Britain in every way possible which in turn caused Japan to grow vociferous towards the Research paper on the bombing of pearl harbor States.
Japanese anger also focused on the embargos which the United States had placed on American exports to Japan. Because of this grudge held against the U.
To negotiate their differences, in NovemberTokyo selected an ambassador, Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura, who was liked and respected by both Americans and Japanese. Yamamoto was one of the few Japanese men who wanted to avoid a war with the U.
The Triparite Pact has been concluded, and we cannot help it. Now that the situation has come to this pass, I hope you will endeavor to avoid a Japanese-American war. After several months of careful planning, Yamamoto decided that it would be best to engage war with the U.
Navy by moving the scene of action to waters near the Hawaiian Islands. This way the enemy would be forced to do battle in a way that the Japanese fleet could overcome their opponent. Eventually Yamamoto had a plan. He envisioned a task force made up primarily of aircraft carriers, cruisers, and destroyers, to deliver an annihilating aerial strike against the U.
Fleet in Pearl Harbor. This tasks seemed nearly impossible to Yamamoto and Onishi considering the fact that the base was too shallow.
They believed that it would take a technical miracle to achieve a torpedo battle. Finally after close thought, it was decided that 2 merchant ships should precede the tasks force, 1 at an angle to the port, the other to starboard.
These vessels would serve as the eyes of the fleet and as decoys. To increase security, they decided the route to Hawaii should be the one providing the best chance for surprise. December 7th, At 7: At hours the first wave of Japanese aircraft was spotted at a station in Opana.
They were led down to the western coast of Oahu by Commander Mitsuo Fuchida. By hours Fuchida could see Pearl Harbor where at that moment he gave the order to attack. From endlessly repeated practice and meticulous study of maps and models of Pearl Harbor, every Japanese pilot knew exactly what to do.
While the squadrons of dive- bombers split up into sections which were to swoop simultaneously on the several army, navy, and marine airfields, the high level bombers settled onto their pre-arranged approach course, bomb aimers adjusting their sites, and the torpedo-bombers began the long downward slant to their torpedo launching positions abreast the battleships.
A few minutes before hours, to the scream of vertically plummeting planes, bombs began to burst among the aircraft drawn up, wingtip to wingtip in parade ground perfection on the various airfields. Moored together in the harbor were five battleships- West Virginia, Arizona, Nevada, Oklahoma, and California-were rent open by torpedo hits in the first few minutes.
Only the Maryland, Tennessee, and Pennsylvania escaped torpedo damage. Other ships torpedoed were the old target battleship Utah, and the light land cruisers Raleigh and Helena. Nevertheless, although to the shudder and shock of underwater explosions was soon added the riding whine of dive- bombers and the shriek and shattering detonation of bombs from then and from high-flying bombers, the American crews, for the most part, went into action with speed and efficiency, shooting down several of their attackers.
Damage control parties worked manfully to minimize the consequences of flooded compartments, counter flooding to keep the foundering ships on an even keel, restoring electric and water power and communications, fighting the fires. An armor-piercing bomb sliced through the 5 inches of armor of a turret in the Tennessee to burst inside it; another plunged down through the several decks to explode in the forward magazine of the Arizona, which blew up.
Both the Maryland and the California were hit with devastating effect. When a lull occurred at hours, as the first wave of Japanese aircraft retired, almost every US aircraft at the air bases was damaged or destroyed, the West Virginia was sinking and on fire, the Arizona had settled on the bottom with more than a thousand of her crew fatally trapped below.
The Oklahoma had capsized and settled on the bottom with her keel above water; the Tennessee, with a turret destroyed by and armor-piercing bomb, was badly on fire; and the California had received damage that was eventually to sink her, in spite all efforts of her crew.
Elsewhere, all that was visible of the Utah was her upturned keel. The Raleigh, deep in the water from flooding, and counter-flooding, was being kept upright only by her mooring wires.
While all this had been taking place, at least one Japanese midget submarine succeeded in penetrating the harbor, passing through the gate in the boom defenses which had carelessly left open after the entry of two minesweeper at hours.
During a lull in the air attacks this submarine was sighted just as it was firing a torpedo at the seaplane tender Curtis. The torpedo missed and exploded harmlessly against the shore, as did the second one.
The submarine was attacked by the destroyer Monaghan and sunk by depth charges. Of the other 3 midgets launched from their parent submarines, 2 were lost without a trace; the third after running on a reef and being fired at by the destroyer Helm, was finally beached and her crew taken prisoner.
The parent submarines and the 11 other large boats of the Advanced Expeditionary Force achieved nothing. The second wave of Japanese aircraft bombers, 80 dive-bombers, and 36 fighters led by Lieutenant Commander Shimazaki of the aircraft-carrier Zuikaku- had taken off an hour after the first wave.
They were met by a more efficient defense and thus achieved much less.Research Papers on the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor research papers are history essays on Japan's entry into WWII. The Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor term paper due and don’t know how to start it?
How about like this? The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was the most devastating assault on a military target in American history. “Before the Attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese residents experienced a moderate level of racism that was fairly typical for any minority group at the time. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, discrimination against Japanese residents increased both socially and legally”Norman Mineta Japanese American life under U.S.
policies before and during. The attack on Pearl Harbor Essay - The attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, will forever be immortalized in the words of President Roosevelt as “a date which will live in infamy”, yet the bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima were far more deadly and carried greater geo-political implications.
Pearl Harbor Essay Examples. total results. An Examination of the Ignorance and Negligence of Commanders at Pearl Harbor.
words. 1 page. The How and Why on the Attack at Pearl Harbor. words. 1 page. The History and Causes of the Events in Pearl Harbor. words. This factor was, of course, the Japanese bombing at Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor was attacked on the morning of December 7, and would prove to be Japan’s greatest mistake, a mistake for which the consequences would extend throughout the war and well into Japan’s post-war future.
The attack on Pearl Harbor Essay - The attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, will forever be immortalized in the words of President Roosevelt as “a date which will live in infamy”, yet the bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima were far more deadly and carried greater geo-political implications.