Check new design of our homepage! This post explores how the social group that one is a part of helps define our sense of self and others, as defined by the social identity theory. PsycholoGenie Staff Last Updated: Mar 1, Through others we become ourselves.
Saul McLeodpublished The term self-concept is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about, evaluates or perceives themselves. To be aware of oneself is to have a concept of oneself. Baumeister provides the following self-concept definition: The self-concept is an important term for both social and humanistic psychology.
Lewis suggests that development of a concept of self has two aspects: The child realizes that they exist as a separate entity from others and that they continue to exist over time and space.
According to Lewis awareness of the existential self begins as young as two to three months old and arises in part due to the relation the child has with the world. For example, the child smiles and someone smiles back, or the child touches a mobile and sees it move.
Just as other objects including people have properties that can be experienced big, small, red, smooth and so on so the child is becoming aware of him or her self as an object which can be experienced and which has properties.
The self too can be put into categories such as age, gender, size or skill.
Later, self-description also begins to include reference to internal psychological traits, comparative evaluations and to how others see them. Carl Rogers believes that the self-concept has three different components: Indeed a person with anorexia who is thin may have a self image in which the person believes they are fat.
A person's self image is affected by many factors, such as parental influences, friends, the media etc. Kuhn investigated the self-image by using The Twenty Statements Test. He asked people to answer the question 'Who am I? He found that the responses could be divided into two major groups.
These were social roles external or objective aspects of oneself such as son, teacher, friend and personality traits internal or affective aspects of oneself such as gregarious, impatient, humorous.
We are all social beings whose behavior is shaped to some extent by the roles we play. Such roles as student, housewife, or member of the football team not only help others to recognize us but also help us to know what is expected of us in various situations.
These are the third dimension of our self-descriptions. Typically young people describe themselves more in terms of personal traits, whereas older people feel defined to a greater extent by their social roles.
Self-esteem the extent to which you value yourself Self-esteem also known as self-worth refers to the extent to which we like accept or approve of ourselves, or how much we value ourselves.
Self-esteem always involves a degree of evaluation and we may have either a positive or a negative view of ourselves.
For example, Harrill Self Esteem Inventory is a questionnaire comprising 15 statements about a range of interest. Another example is the Thematic Apperception Test TATwhich is a neutral cartoon given to the participant who then has to devise a story about what's going on.
Morse and Gergen showed that in uncertain or anxiety-arousing situations our self-esteem may change rapidly. Participants were waiting for a job interview in a waiting room.
They were sat with another candidate a confederate of the experimenter in one of two conditions: Clean - dressed in a smart suit, carrying a briefcase opened to reveal a slide rule and books.Self-Esteem and Group Identity/Conformity Essay According to Elliot Aronson in his book The Social Animal we are in a constant tension between our values of individuality and conformity.
We want to fit in with the group without losing our unique qualities.
Self-esteem: The Key To Communicating Some synonyms for the self-esteem can be personal values, self-worth, and self-respect. No matter where life takes us, our self - esteem follows us as one of the basic human motivators.
According to Elliot Aronson in his book The Social Animal we are in a constant tension between our values of individuality and conformity. We want to fit in with the group without losing our unique qualities.
Internalization is the most permanent response to social influence because your motivation to be right is a powerful and self-sustaining force that does not depend on constant surveillance (as does compliance), or on your continued esteem for another person or group (as does identification).
The Social Identity Theory (SIT) outlines self-association and identification within a group; both Zimbardo & Asch conducted experiments in support of the theory showing how conformity is influenced.
Tajfel and Turner proposed the Social identity Theory in , and this theory influenced conformity. Gender Conformity and Self-Esteem - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online.