Welcome to the most ambitious exhibition ever assembled on the subject of slavery in New York. On October 7, Slavery in New York, a multimedia exhibition, reveals a history of which most people are unaware, illuminates the contributions of the enslaved and explores the role slavery played in the making of New York and the United States. Though it is barely mentioned in school textbooks, slavery was a key institution in the development of New York, from its formative years.
Secession, the Civil War, and the End of Slavery When the Georgia Trustees first envisioned their colonial experiment in the early s, they banned slavery in order to avoid the slave-based plantation economy that had developed in other colonies in the American South.
The allure of profits from slavery, however, proved to be too powerful for white Georgia settlers to resist. By the era of the American Revolutionslavery was legal and African slaves constituted nearly half of Georgia's population.
Although the Revolution fostered the growth of an antislavery movement in the northern states, white Georgia landowners fiercely maintained their commitment to slavery even as the war disrupted the plantation economy. In fact, Georgia delegates to the Continental Congress forced Thomas Jefferson to tone down the critique of slavery in his initial draft of the Declaration of Independence in Likewise, at the constitutional convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, inGeorgia and South Carolina delegates joined to insert clauses protecting slavery into the new U.
In subsequent decades slavery would play an ever-increasing role in Georgia's shifting plantation economy. Cotton and the Growth of Slavery Rice Culture For almost the entire eighteenth century the production of rice, a crop that could be commercially cultivated only in the Lowcountry, dominated Georgia's plantation economy.
During the Revolution planters began to cultivate cotton for domestic use. After the war the explosive growth of the textile industry promised to turn cotton into a lucrative staple crop—if only efficient methods of cleaning the tenacious seeds from the cotton fibers could be developed.
This technological advance presented Georgia planters with a staple crop that could be grown over much of the state. As early as the s white politicians in Georgia were working to acquire and distribute fertile western lands controlled by the Creek Indiansa process that continued into the nineteenth century with the expulsion of the Cherokees.
By the s cotton plantations had spread across most of the state. As was the case for rice production, cotton planters relied upon the labor of enslaved African and African American people. Accordingly, the slave population of Georgia increased dramatically during the early decades of the nineteenth century.
Injust before the explosion in cotton production, some 29, slaves resided in the state. In the Georgia Assembly passed a law prohibiting the importation of slaves.
The law did not go into effect untilwhen the state constitution also went into effect, but the measure was widely ignored by planters, who urgently sought to increase their enslaved workforce.
By the slave population in Georgia had more than doubled, to 59, and by the number of slaves had grown toThe 48, Africans imported into Georgia during this era accounted for much of the initial surge in the slave population. When Congress banned the African slave trade inhowever, Georgia's slave population did not decline.
Instead, the number of slaves imported from the Chesapeake's stagnant plantation economy as well as the number of children born to Georgia slave mothers continued to outpace those who died or were transported from Georgia.
In the slave population stood at ,; in the slave population had increased to ,; and inon the eve of the Civil Warsomeslaves constituted Carrying Cotton to the Gin 44 percent of the state's total population. By the end of the antebellum era Georgia had more slaves and slaveholders than any state in the Lower South and was second only to Virginia in the South as a whole.
The lower Piedmontor Black Belt, counties—so named after the region's distinctively dark and fertile soil —were the site of the largest, most productive cotton plantations. Over the antebellum era some two-thirds of the state's total population lived in these counties, which encompassed roughly the middle third of the state.
By the slave population in the Black Belt was ten times greater than that in the coastal counties, where rice remained the most important crop. Slaveholders Although slavery played a dominant economic and political role in Georgia, most white Georgians did not own slaves.When the Georgia Trustees first envisioned their colonial experiment in the early s, they banned slavery in order to avoid the slave-based plantation economy that had developed in other colonies in the American South.
The allure of profits from slavery, however, proved to be too powerful for white Georgia settlers to resist. By the era of the American Revolution (), slavery was. Welcome to the most ambitious exhibition ever assembled on the subject of slavery in New York.
On October 7, Slavery in New York, a multimedia exhibition, reveals a history of which most people are unaware, illuminates the contributions of the enslaved and explores the role slavery played in the making of New York and the United States.
Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Slavery had been practiced in British America from early colonial days, and was legal in all Thirteen Colonies at the time of the Declaration of Independence in Nov 12, · Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African slaves helped build the new nation into an economic powerhouse through the production of.
Sub-Saharan Africa. Contemporary Africa; Slave Coast; Angola; Chad; Ethiopia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; Seychelles; North and South America.
Slavery Arrives as Colonial Expansion Heads South Download MP3 (Right-click or option-click the link.). This is Rich Kleinfeldt. And this is Sarah Long with THE MAKING OF A NATION, a VOA Special English program about the history of the United States.. Today, we finish the story about the first thirteen American colonies.