It was the era when the use of power-driven machines was developed. It also changed our societies from a mainly agricultural society to one in which industry and manufacturing was in control. The Industrial Revolution first got its start in Great Britain, during the 18th century.
In the political sphere also the industrial revolution had manifold impact.
In the first place it led to colonization of Asia and Africa. Great Britain and other industrial countries of Europe began to look for new colonies which could supply them the necessary raw materials for feeding their industries and also serve as ready market for their finished industrial products.
Therefore, the industrial countries carved out extensive colonial empires in the nineteenth century. In fact these countries added so much territory to their empire that one historian has described it as "the greatest land grab movement in the history of the world.
However, it cannot be denied that it also paved the way for the industrialization of these territories because the European colonizers set up certain industries in these areas.
Secondly, industrial revolution sharply divided the countries. Fourthly, the Industrial Revolution provided a fillip to the reform movement in England. These Acts also prohibited employment of children in mines and laid down general rules for the health and safety of workers.
With the setting up of factories in northern parts of England larger number of people shifted from south and their population greatly declined. However, these de-populated cities continued to send same number of representatives to the Parliament whereas the new industrial towns were not represented in the Parliament.
Fifthly, the industrial revolution led to a strong trade union movement. The working men in various trades and industries formed trade union to protect themselves against their employers.
Though initially the English law forbade these unions but ultimately they were accorded recognition by law in However, the trade unions could not prove effective as they were divided and lacked national unity. Finally, industrial revolution paved the way for the development of new social and economic doctrines.
While philosophers like Malthus, Ricardo and James Mill defended capitalist system and wanted the state to abstain from interfering in the economic and social sphere, on the other hand philosophers like Robert Owen, Karl Marx, William Godwin, Proudhon etc.
But more concrete contributions towards the development of socialism were made by Karl Marx who examined the reports of the Parliamentary Commissions on effects of industrial revolution and came to the conclusion that the only solution lay in socialization of means of production, the abolition of the rule of capitalists and transfer of power to hitherto powerless proletariat.The effects of the Industrial Revolution were vast and far-reaching changes in the political, economic and social structure of the countries in which it took place.
Beginning in Britain in , technological innovations and inventions spawned the growth of large machine-production factories and. The Industrial Revolution first got its start in Great Britain, during the 18th century.
It was inevitable that the country with the most wealth would lead in this revolution. After it adoption in England, other countries such as Germany, the United States and France joined in this revolution. Sep 18, · Industrial Revolution marked a major turning point in Earth’s ecology and humans’ relationship with their environment.
The decline in production started in the United States in and has spread to other oil producing nations as well. were planted then. And with the very same mechanisms and effects that brought about.
Effects of the Industrial Revolution Words | 3 Pages The Industrial Revolution, lasting between the 18th and 19th century, profoundly affected the people of Europe, North America, and other regions of .
The Industrial Revolution had a lasting effect on class structure, urbanization and lifestyle. Great Britain Leads the Industrial Revolution Urbanization & . Effects of the Industrial Revolution. Working Conditions; Living Conditions; Urbanization; Public Health and Life Expectancy; Child Labor; Working Class Families and the Role of Women; The Emerging Middle Class; Wealth and Income; Now that we have looked at how and why the Industrial Revolution occurred, it’s time to consider its effects on people.