Jealousy Divorce Regarding financial instability, the earlier discussion on the real and potential economic losses associated with alcohol abuse, as well as debt, can easily trigger profound problems in a marriage. These emotions can all collect into a disorder known as codependency. Marriage and family therapist Darlene Lancer is an expert on codependency. Individuals who abuse alcohol experience physical impairments that can draw others into caring for them.
But if you think liver disease and car crashes are the only health risks posed by drinking, think again: Researchers have linked alcohol consumption to more than 60 diseases. Anemia Heavy drinking can cause the number of oxygen-carrying red blood cells to be abnormally low.
This condition, known as anemiacan trigger a host of symptoms, including fatigueshortness of breath, and lightheadedness. Scientists believe the increased risk comes when the body converts alcohol into acetaldehyde, a potent carcinogen. Cancer sites linked to alcohol use include the mouthpharynx throatlarynx voice boxesophagusliverbreastand colorectal region.
Cancer risk rises even higher in heavy drinkers who also use tobacco. Cardiovascular disease Heavy drinking, especially bingeing, makes platelets more likely to clump together into blood clotswhich can lead to heart attack or stroke. In a landmark study published inHarvard researchers found that binge drinking doubled the risk of death among people who initially survived a heart attack.
Heavy drinking can also cause cardiomyopathya potentially deadly condition in which the heart muscle weakens and eventually fails, as well as heart rhythm abnormalities such as atrial and ventricular fibrillation.
It causes rapid loss of consciousness and, in the absence of immediate treatment, sudden death. Continued Cirrhosis Alcohol is toxic to liver cells, and many heavy drinkers develop cirrhosis, a sometimes-lethal condition in which the liver is so heavily scarred that it is unable to function.
For some unknown reason, women seem to be especially vulnerable. Dementia As people age, their brains shrink, on average, at a rate of about 1.
But heavy drinking speeds the shrinkage of certain key regions in the brainresulting in memory loss and other symptoms of dementia.
Heavy drinking can also lead to subtle but potentially debilitating deficits in the ability to plan, make judgments, solve problems, and perform other aspects of " executive function ," which are "the higher-order abilities that allow us to maximize our function as human beings," Garbutt says.
In addition to the "nonspecific" dementia that stems from brain atrophy, heavy drinking can cause nutritional deficiencies so severe that they trigger other forms of dementia.
One theory is that depressed people turned to alcohol in an attempt to "self-medicate" to ease their emotional pain. But a large study from New Zealand showed that it was probably the other way around -- that is, heavy drinking led to depression. Research has also shown that depression improves when heavy drinkers go on the wagon, Saitz says.
It can also interfere with the action of the medications used to treat convulsions. Gout A painful condition, gout is caused by the formation of uric acid crystals in the joints.
Although some cases are largely hereditary, alcohol and other dietary factors seem to play a role. Alcohol also seems to aggravate existing cases of gout. Continued High blood pressure Alcohol can disrupt the sympathetic nervous systemwhich, among other things, controls the constriction and dilation of blood vessels in response to stress, temperature, exertion, etc.
The Social Effects of Alcoholism; Street Names for Common Drugs; Detox Information. Negative impact of alcohol abuse on couples: Preventing Chronic Disease. E, 10 percent of US adults have drug use disorder at some point in their lives. National Institutes for Health website. Alcoholism has been known by a variety of terms, including alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. Today, it’s referred to as alcohol use disorder. In the case of prolonged drinkers, such as people who have alcohol use disorder, alcohol abuse can cause certain diseases to develop. The more educated Americans are about the physical impact of alcohol, the more opportunity they have to make smart decisions about alcohol consumption.
Heavy drinking -- and bingeing, in particular -- can cause blood pressure to rise. Over time, this effect can become chronic. High blood pressure can lead to many other health problems, including kidney diseaseheart diseaseand stroke.
People who drink heavily also are more likely to engage in risky sex. Nerve damage Heavy drinking can cause a form of nerve damage known as alcoholic neuropathy, which can produce a painful pins-and-needles feeling or numbness in the extremities as well as muscle weaknessincontinenceconstipationerectile dysfunctionand other problems.The Social Effects of Alcoholism; Street Names for Common Drugs; Detox Information.
Negative impact of alcohol abuse on couples: Preventing Chronic Disease. E, 10 percent of US adults have drug use disorder at some point in their lives. National Institutes for Health website. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), binge drinking raises your blood alcohol concentration levels to Binge drinking is defined as consuming more than four drinks in a two-hour sitting for a woman and five in a sitting for a man.
12 Health Risks of Chronic Heavy Drinking. But if you think liver disease and car crashes are the only health risks posed by drinking, Signs of Alcohol Abuse. Article Effects of Crystal Meth. Of these, alcohol use disorders (AUDs)—that is, alcohol dependence and the harmful use of alcohol as defined by the International Classification of Disease, Tenth Edition (ICD–10)—certainly are the most important categories, but many other diseases and conditions also are .
Read about the differences between alcohol abuse and alcoholism.
Many people use alcohol with no ill effects. But anyone can experience its effects, such as illness, vomiting, or hangovers. Alcohol abuse by parents is strongly associated with childhood abuse and neglect, and this type of mistreatment is a risk factor for every type of mental and behavioral health problem, ranging from mood disorders to anxiety disorders to substance abuse.
And regardless of its other effects, alcohol abuse in itself is a form of child abuse, since.