Writing Your Dissertation Acknowledgement: Personal Gratitude Most of your thesis or dissertation will contain technical, scientific, and heady language, but your dissertation acknowledgement will probably contain the exact opposite. Acknowledgements for papers are typically found before the first chapter and should be very easy for you to write. Even though you can write your dissertation acknowledgement in a short amount of time, you should make sure that your writing style remains heartfelt and pure; you should avoid coming across as smug or arrogant.
Oscar van Dillen Introduction The timbales are a percussion instrument, whose history is closely connected to the history of Cuban music.
Its ancestors, the European timpani, were brought to Cuba more than two hundred years ago. Since I am studying at the Rotterdam conservatory, I have learned much about the timbales.
I have practiced different playing techniques, transcribed many solos, listened to Cuban music and picked up much information about famous timbal players. But at the end of my studies I realized that I was lacking deeper knowledge about the history and the development of the timbales, which I consider my instrument of choice.
In the process of writing my thesis I hope to gain knowledge to be able to retrace the historical path that the timbales have taken, since their ancestors were brought to Cuba.
I also hope to achieve to understand, why timbales in Cuba are played the way they are, and which styles of music were involved in the development of the actual way of playing.
This is why I came up with the following central question for my thesis: I chose these three topics to serve me as my main chapters and subdivided each chapter into several smaller sections. In the three main chapters I will present a short history of the timbales, an overview of Cuban styles of music and have a closer look at the Cuban way of playing timbales.
The information that I present in this thesis is collected from: Brought into a meaningful order, it will allow the reader to gain an insight view of the timbales history and its current role in Cuban popular music. Timbales Description Timbales are two single headed drums made of steel in some rare cases made of wood of two different sizes.
The two drums are mounted on a metal stand. The larger drum is called hembra, which is the Spanish term for female, and the smaller drum macho, which is the spanish term for male. The naming of the drums refers to the two different sounds the drums produce when hit with a stick.
One low and warm, representing the female part hembra and one higher and more aggressive, representing the male part macho. For a right handed player the timbales are set up with the low bigger drum on the left and the higher smaller one on the right, as on a piano lowest note on the left and highest note on the right.
This way of positioning the drums is similar to the way of how timpani are positioned in England, France and America and opposite to the way they are positioned in Germany, Austria and the Netherlands.
The person who plays the timbales is commonly known as the timbalero and plays the drums with a pair of wooden sticks. Sometimes depending on the musical style played a snare and a bass drum is added.
History of the timbales What today is known as Haiti, had been, till its independence inthe colony of Saint Domingue. Under the leadership of France, colonist had brought the French contredanse to the islands colony.
A musical style that had been a French adaption of the English country-dance during the 18th century and that was very popular under colonists. With the Haitian revolution ofmany Haitians, of French as well as of African ancestry decided to migrate to Cuba in order to flee the rebellion.
The Oriente region of Cuba, during the first years of the colonialisation, had been a strategic centre for further expeditions towards the new world and it was an important harbour for trade with other Caribbean islands. In Cuba, the French contredanse became the contradanza criolla and was soon adapted by Cuban musicians.
The word criolla was dropped and the Cubanized version, called contradanza, was born. Spreading from the eastern part of Cuba over the whole island, the contradanza became a very popular style in Cuban music salons.
It was the first musical style with an obvious African rhythm influence that was not banned from the music salons of that time, which until then had been reserved for European forms of music.
These groups would include woodwinds, brass, strings, the Cuban scraper instrument called guiro and the creole timpani, a smaller version of the European timpani. From the 18th till the 19th century the contradanza underwent an evolution, during which it changed its name several times.
It first would become the danza, then the danza habanera and then finally just the habanera. The habanera gained worldwide attention.
During the late 19th and early 20th century a new kind of orchestra emerged. The pianist and composer Antonio Maria Romeu had formed the first charanga francesa orchestra. Romeu was the first to include the piano in the already existing combination of flute, contrabass and violins.
A few years after the creation of the charanga francesa, Romeu decided to replace the timpani with the smaller timbales. One of the reasons that the timpani had been replaced by the timbales, might have been the difference in size and weight.
Too heavy and too big to be carried around for a long time and over long distances, the timpani had become unpractical. The timbales became the charanga-musicians instrument of choice. At that time the charanga orchestras would still play without congas. As the lead percussion instrument, only accompanied by the guiro, the timbales had to play subtle parts along the violins, cello and flutes.
But at the same time had to be played with intensity to be able to lead the whole orchestra.Thesis writing survival kit (royal holloway creative writing job) By | September 11, | 0.
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